ver·bo·ten

[ver-boht-n; German fer-boht-n]

adjective

forbidden, as by law; prohibited.

en·er·vate

[v. en-er-veyt; adj. ih-nur-vit]

verb (used with object), en·er·vat·ed, en·er·vat·ing.

1. to deprive of force or strength; destroy the vigor of; weaken.
Synonyms: enfeeble, debilitate, sap, exhaust.

im·por·tu·nate

[im-pawr-chuh-nit]

adjective

1. urgent or persistent in solicitation, sometimes annoyingly so.

con·viv·i·al

[kuhn-viv-ee-uhl]

adjective

1.friendly; agreeable: a convivial atmosphere.

o·vine

[oh-vahyn, oh-vin]

adjective

pertaining to, of the nature of, or like sheep.

tur·pi·tude

[tur-pi-tood, -tyood]

noun

1. vile, shameful, or base character; depravity.
2. a vile or depraved act.

mor·ti·fi·ca·tion

[mawr-tuh-fi-key-shuhn]

noun

1. a feeling of humiliation or shame, as through some injury to one’s pride or self-respect.
2. a cause or source of such humiliation or shame.
3. the practice of asceticism by penitential discipline to overcome desire for sin and to strengthen the will.

pi·quant

[pee-kuhnt, -kahnt, pee-kahnt]

adjective

1. agreeably pungent or sharp in taste or flavor; pleasantly biting or tart: a piquant aspic.
2. agreeably stimulating, interesting, or attractive: a piquant glance.
3. of an interestingly provocative or lively character: a piquant wit.
4. Archaic. sharp or stinging, especially to the feelings.

er·satz

[er-zahts, -sahts, er-zahts, -sahts]

adjective

1. serving as a substitute; synthetic; artificial: an ersatz coffee made from grain.
noun

2. an artificial substance or article used to replace something natural or genuine; a substitute.

de ri·gueur

[duh ri-gur; French duh ree-gœr]

noun

strictly required, as by etiquette, usage, or fashion.

in·tem·per·ance

[in-tem-per-uhns, -pruhns]

noun

1. excessive or immoderate indulgence in alcoholic beverages.
2. excessive indulgence of appetite or passion.
3. lack of moderation or due restraint, as in action or speech.

si·ne qua non

[sahy-nee kwey non, kwah, sin-ey; Latin si-ne kwah-nohn]

noun

an indispensable condition, element, or factor; something essential: Her presence was the sine qua non of every social event.

fe·lic·i·tous

[fi-lis-i-tuhs]

adjective

1. well-suited for the occasion, as an action, manner, or expression; apt; appropriate: The chairman’s felicitous anecdote set everyone at ease.
2. having a special ability for suitable manner or expression, as a person.

kal·pa

[kuhl-puh]

noun Hinduism.

a thousand cycles of Maha Yugas.

ap·er·ture

[ap-er-cher]

noun

1. an opening, as a hole, slit, crack, gap, etc.

in·cul·cate

[in-kuhl-keyt, in-kuhl-keyt]

verb (used with object), in·cul·cat·ed, in·cul·cat·ing.

1. to implant by repeated statement or admonition; teach persistently and earnestly (usually followed by upon  or in  ): to inculcate virtue in the young.
2. to cause or influence (someone) to accept an idea or feeling (usually followed by with  ): Socrates inculcated his pupils with the love of truth.

ob·strep·er·ous

[uhb-strep-er-uhs]

adjective

1. resisting control or restraint in a difficult manner; unruly.
2. noisy, clamorous, or boisterous: obstreperous children.

ed·i·fy

[ed-uh-fahy]

verb (used with object), ed·i·fied, ed·i·fy·ing.

to instruct or benefit, especially morally or spiritually; uplift: religious paintings that edify the viewer.

con·dole

[kuhn-dohl]

verb (used without object), con·doled, con·dol·ing.

1. to express sympathy with a person who is suffering sorrow, misfortune, or grief (usually followed by with  ): to condole with a friend whose father has died.

skein

[skeyn]

noun

1. a length of yarn or thread wound on a reel or swift preparatory for use in manufacturing.
2. anything wound in or resembling such a coil: a skein of hair.
3. something suggestive of the twistings of a skein: an incoherent skein of words.
4. a flock of geese, ducks, or the like, in flight.
5. a succession or series of similar or interrelated things: a skein of tennis victories.

in·vei·gle

[in-vey-guhl, –vee]

verb (used with object), in·vei·gled, in·vei·gling.

1. to entice, lure, or ensnare by flattery or artful talk or inducements (usually followed by into  ): to inveigle a person into playing bridge.
2. to acquire, win, or obtain by beguiling talk or methods (usually followed by from  or away  ): to inveigle a theater pass from a person.

co·ter·mi·nous

[koh-tur-muh-nuhs]

adjective

1. having the same border or covering the same area.
2. being the same in extent; coextensive in range or scope.

un·der·tow

[uhn-der-toh]

noun

1. the seaward, subsurface flow or draft of water from waves breaking on a beach.
2. any strong current below the surface of a body of water, moving in a direction different from that of the surface current.

re·con·noi·ter

[ree-kuhnoi-ter, rek-uh] 

verb (used with object)

1. to inspect, observe, or survey (the enemy, the enemy’s strength or position, a region, etc.) in order to gain information for military purposes.
2. to examine or survey (a region, area, etc.) for engineering, geological, or other purposes.

dis·com·fit

[dis-kuhm-fit]

verb (used with object)

1. to confuse and deject; disconcert: to be discomfited by a question.
2. to frustrate the plans of; thwart; foil.
3. Archaic. to defeat utterly; rout: The army was discomfited in every battle.

lan·guor

[lang-ger]

noun

1. lack of energy or vitality; sluggishness.
2. lack of spirit or interest; listlessness; stagnation.
3. physical weakness or faintness.
4. emotional softness or tenderness.

pru·dent

[prood-nt]

adjective

1. wise or judicious in practical affairs; sagacious; discreet or circumspect; sober.

2. careful in providing for the future; provident

tim·or·ous

[tim-er-uhs]

adjective

1. full of fear; fearful: The noise made them timorous.
2. subject to fear; timid.
3. characterized by or indicating fear: a timorous whisper.

lis·some

[lis-uhm]

adjective

1. lithesome or lithe, especially of body; supple; flexible.
2. agile, nimble, or active.
sal·u·tar·y
[sal-yuh-ter-ee]
adjective

1. favorable to or promoting health; healthful.
2. promoting or conducive to some beneficial purpose; wholesome.

in·a·ni·tion

[in-uh-nish-uhn]

noun

1. exhaustion from lack of nourishment; starvation.
2. lack of vigor; lethargy.

au·toch·tho·nous

[aw-tok-thuh-nuhs]

adjective

3. Psychology . of or pertaining to ideas that arise independently of the individual’s own train of thought and seem instead to have some alien or external agency as their source.

syn·cre·tism

[sing-kri-tiz-uhm, sin-]

noun

1.the attempted reconciliation or union of different or opposing principles, practices, or parties, as in philosophy or religion.

aus·pi·cious

[aw-spish-uhs]

adjective

1. promising success; propitious; opportune; favorable: an auspicious occasion.
2. favored by fortune; prosperous; fortunate.

per·emp·to·ry

[puh-remp-tuh-ree, per-uhmp-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee]

adjective

1. leaving no opportunity for denial or refusal; imperative: a peremptory command.
2. imperious or dictatorial.
3.positive or assertive in speech, tone, manner, etc.
4. Law.

a.that precludes or does not admit of debate, question, etc.: a peremptory edict.
b. decisive or final.
c. in which a command is absolute and unconditional: a peremptory writ.

e·mol·lient

[ih-mol-yuhnt]

adjective

1. having the power of softening or relaxing, as a medicinal substance; soothing, especially to the skin: emollient lotions for the face. Synonyms: relieving, palliative, healing, assuasive.
noun

2. an emollient medicine, lotion, salve, etc.
va·lence

[vey-luhns]

noun

3. the capacity of one person or thing to react with or affect another in some special way, as by attraction or the facilitation of a function or activity

phy·log·e·ny

[fahy-loj-uh-nee]

noun

1. the development or evolution of a particular group of organisms.
2. the evolutionary history of a group of organisms, especially as depicted in a family tree.

dis·com·fit

[dis-kuhm-fit] Show IPA

verb (used with object)

1.

to confuse and deject; disconcert: to be discomfited by a question.
2.

to frustrate the plans of; thwart; foil.
3.

Archaic. to defeat utterly; rout: The army was discomfited in every battle.
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